Breed Basic Information
- Lifespan: 13 - 15 years
- Height: 6 - 9 inches
- Weight: 14 - 14 pounds
Medical Conditions Seen
- Intervertebral Disk Disease
- Elongated Soft Palate
- Skin Fold Dermatitis
- Gastric Dilation and Volvulus
- Patellar Luxation
- Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome
- Chronic Valvular Disease
- Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
- Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy
- Tracheal Collapse
- Ulcerative Keratitis
- Joggin Partner
- Lap Dog
- Good with Children
- Warm Weather
- Cold Weather
- Grooming Requirements
- Ease of Training
- Recent DNA studies indicate that the Pekingese is among the 14 most ancient breeds recognized by the AKC.
- It has been known in China since ancient times. Its earliest version was the ha pa dog, and then later the foo dog that was bred to resemble the lion.
- Palace eunuchs headed extensive breeding programs and pampered the dogs.
- Smaller Pekingese were known as sleeve dogs because they could be carried in the large sleeves of the Chinese robes.
- The British looted the Chinese palace in 1860, taking five of the royal lion dogs back to England. They presented one, named Lootie, to Queen Victoria. These dogs caused a stir among dog fanciers, and others were brought from China.
- The AKC recognized the breed in 1906.
- In 1912, a Pekingese was one of three to dogs to survive the sinking of the Titanic.
- For many years, only the wealthiest westerners could afford to own a Pekingese.
- Over the years it has become one of the most consistently popular toy breeds with pet owners, and one of the most successful of all breeds at dog shows.
- Makes a devoted and aristocratic family member.
- Good with children, but may not be playful enough for them.
- Not overly demonstrative.
- Reserved toward strangers.
- Not overly friendly towards strange dogs.
- Usually good with small pets.
- Tends to be independent and very stubborn. Rebels against forceful methods.
- Does best with reward based training using food.
Suggested Excercise Needs
- Makes a calm and trustworthy housedog.
- Requires daily exercise in the form of a leisurely walk or quick game. It is not physically suited to overly vigorous exercise.
- Many Pekingese have been taught to use indoor potties.
- Enjoys cold weather.
- Becomes overheated very easily. It is essential to keep them in a cool place.
- Outer coat is long, coarse and off-standing, forming a mane around the shoulders. The undercoat is thick.
- Needs brushing twice weekly to prevent matting.
- The wrinkle over the nose should be cleaned and dried daily to prevent infection.
- The hair around the anus should be inspected for hygiene issues daily.
- Shedding is average.
- The breed is prone to periodontal problems, which can be prevented in large part by regular tooth brushing.
Suggested Nutritional Needs
- Pekingese tend to stay in good weight or to be slightly overweight. You must use your hands to feel beneath the thick coat.
- Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.
Did you know?
- Grapes and raisins are harmful to dogs.
- Some dog parasites are transferable to humans.
- Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your dog.
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