Breed Basic Information
- Lifespan: 15 - 20 years
- Weight: 7 - 12 pounds
Medical Conditions Seen
- Basal Cell Tumor
- Facial Fold Dermatitis
- Lysosomal Storage Disease
- Peritoneopericardial Hernia
- Polycystic Kidney Disease
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy
- Systemic Lupus
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
- Portosystemic Shunt
- Corneal Sequestration
- Hip Dysplasia
- Lap Cat
- Ease of Training
- Grooming Requirements
- Good with Children
- Good with Dogs
- Among the oldest of cat breeds, the popular Persian is depicted in hieroglyphic references dating back to 1684 B.C.
- Persians are believed to be developed from longhairs from Persia (now Iran), Burma (now Myanmar), China, and Russia.
- Introduced into Europe in the 14th Century from Iran.
- Admired at the first modern cat show at London's Crystal Palace in 1871, the Persian continues to rank as the most popular American cat breed.
- Accepted as a breed by the Cat Fanciers Association in 19=871, the year it first kept records.
- Available in a wide array of colors, Persians are divided into seven color divisions for cat show competition.
- Prefer to commandeer laps than show off their leaping abilities.
- Crave quiet homes, and set routines.
- Love to love and display a gentle nature.
- Playful but polite - never overly demanding.
- Tend to be well-behaved and not prone to climbing curtains or scaling high shelves.
- Not chatty, but when they vocalize, they do so with melodic chirps.
- Not fond of surprises, especially noisy houseguests or unruly children.
- Trademark long, flowing thick coats.
- Sweet, round face with full cheeks and large expressive eyes contrasted by itty-bitty, round-tipped ears.
- Persian eyes can be blue, amber or odd-eyed. Blue-eyed Persians are prone to deafness.
- Genetically bred snub nose that makes this breed at risk for Brachycephalic issues.
- Heavy-boned legs support medium to large cobby-style bodies.
- Toes are heavily tufted.
- Its short tail is lofted without a curve and at an angle lower than the back.
- Sport two kinds of coats, a silky topcoat and a cottony undercoat.
- Its high-maintenance coat requires daily combing to prevent tangles and matts from forming.
- Brush the coat backwards to evenly distribute its natural oils.
- Come in any color or markings, including white, blue, tabby, pointed, tortoiseshell and more. Tipped varieties are known as Chinchilla and point varieties are referred to as Himalayan in the United States.
- Needs monthly baths, so it is important to introduce bathing when the Persian is a kitten. It is important to thoroughly dry and brush the coat after bathing.
Suggested Nutritional Needs
- Prone to obesity so measure food portions and control caloric intake.
- Originally named Longhairs until the early 1960s in the United States. Persians are still referred to as Longhairs or Persian Longhairs in Great Britain.
- Two Persians played the role of Mr. Tinkles in the animated movie, Cats & Dogs (2001) with the voice by actor Sean Hayes of the television show, Will & Grace.
Did you know?
- A decrease in cat grooming behavior may indicate they are in pain.
- Some cat parasites are transferable to humans.
- Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your cat.
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Have unanswered pet health questions? Dr.Donna Spector, with 10+ years of hands-on Internal Medicine experience, is here with your answers every Friday.