VCA Animal Hospitals



Basic Pug Information

  • Lifespan: 12 - 15 years
  • Height: 10 - 11 inches
  • Weight: 14 - 18 pounds

Medical Conditions Seen in Pugs

Pug Traits

  • Joggin Partner
  • Lap Dog
  • Good with Children
  • Warm Weather
  • Cold Weather
  • Grooming Requirements
  • Shedding
  • Barking
  • Ease of Training

Pug History

  • Pugs originated in China in ancient times. They were developed as lap dogs rather than as any sort of working dog.
  • The facial wrinkles were an essential breed feature. The vertical forehead wrinkles were thought to resemble the Chinese mark for "Prince."
  • Dutch traders brought pugs back from China with them, and Holland subsequently became the pug's adopted homeland.
  • The pug became the official dog of the House of Orange because they sounded the alarm at the approach of invading soldiers in 1572.
  • Napoleon's wife, Josephine, used her pug to carry messages back and forth when she was imprisoned.
  • The pug became the most popular royal dog in England during Victorian times.
  • The pug was known as Mopshond in Holland, as Mops in Germany, and as Dutch or Chinese pug in England.
  • The AKC recognized the pug in 1885.
  • The pug took a while to catch on in America, but it has a steady following and has been among the top 20 breeds for years.

Pug Behavior Concerns

  • Makes a devoted and entertaining family member.
  • Playful, affectionate and gentle with children, pugs make excellent companions for them.
  • Known for its clownish behavior and sense of humor.
  • Affectionate and demonstrative.
  • Reserved toward strangers.
  • Usually good with other dogs and pets.
  • Willing to please but doesn't like to be forced, which brings out its stubborn streak.
  • Does best with reward-based training with good control and leadership.

Pug Suggested Exercises

  • Makes a calm and alert housedog.
  • Requires daily exercise in the form of a leisurely walk, very short jog, or quick game. It is not physically suited to overly vigorous exercise.
  • Overheats easily.
  • Swimming is not recommended, as many pugs cannot stay afloat.
  • Obedience and trick training provides essential mental exercise.

Pug Grooming

  • The pug's coat is fine, smooth and short. The skin is overly abundant, and wrinkled on the face.
  • The coat needs weekly brushing to remove dead hair.
  • Wrinkles need regular cleaning and drying to prevent skin infections.
  • Shedding is above average.

Suggested Pug Nutritional Needs

  • Pugs have a tendency to become obese.
  • Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.

Did you know?

  • Grapes and raisins are harmful to dogs.
  • Some dog parasites are transferable to humans.
  • Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your dog.

Have More Questions on Pugs?

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Have unanswered pet health questions? Dr.Donna Spector, with 10+ years of hands-on Internal Medicine experience, is here with your answers every Friday.


General Practice

We have over 540 animal hospitals in 41 states that are staffed by more than 2,000 fully qualified, dedicated and compassionate veterinarians, with more than 200 being board-certified specialists. The nationwide VCA family of general practice hospitals give your pet the very best in medical care, providing a full range of general medical and surgical services as well as specialized treatments*: Wellness, Spay/neuter, Advanced diagnostic services (MRI/CT Scan), Internal medicine, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Dermatology, Cardiology, Neurology, Boarding, Grooming

*services may vary by location.

Our family of pet hospitals stands out by delivering the greatest resources in order provide the highest quality care available for your pets. By maintaining the highest standards of pet health care available anywhere, we emphasize prevention as well as healing. We provide continuing education programs to our doctors and staff and promote the open exchange of professional knowledge and expertise. And finally, we have established a consistent program of procedures and techniques, proven to be the most effective in keeping pets healthy.

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Specialty Care

Sometimes sick or injured pets need the care of a veterinary medical specialist. When that happens, VCA specialty hospitals work closely with the general practitioner veterinarians who refer cases to us in order to provide seamless veterinary care to your pet. When your pet is facing any kind of serious illness or injury, our specialty referral hospitals will provide the compassionate and expert care your beloved pet needs.

Our goal is to make sure that when you and your pet are in need that you have access to board certified specialists who are up to date on the very latest developments in their field. In our state of the art hospitals, our specialists also have access to the most sophisticated diagnostic and treatment tools and techniques from ultrasonography and endoscopy to CAT scans and even MRI.

We have twenty-eight specialty hospitals across the US so there may be one near you. Our specialized services include: cardiology, critical care, dentistry, dermatology, internal medicine, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, radiology and surgery.

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Emergency Care

In case of emergency, please call us immediately. If it is after hours, check with a local animal hospital emergency clinic.