VCA Animal Hospitals



Basic Maltese Information

  • Lifespan: 12 - 14 years
  • Height: 9 - 10 inches
  • Weight: 4 - 6 pounds

Medical Conditions Seen in Malteses

Maltese Traits

  • Joggin Partner
  • Lap Dog
  • Good with Children
  • Warm Weather
  • Cold Weather
  • Grooming Requirements
  • Shedding
  • Barking
  • Ease of Training

Maltese History

  • Maltese probably originated in Asia in ancient times, and eventually made their way to Europe and then to the Isle of Malta, perhaps used as exotic items of barter by traders.
  • Aristotle mentioned a tiny dog he referred to as a Canis Melitae (the name for Malta in those times), and drawings on Greek and Roman pottery show small long-haired dogs of general Maltese type.
  • Early Maltese came in a variety of colors.
  • The first Maltese came to England during the reign of Henry VIII.
  • By the mid 1800s they were favorite lap dogs of the upper class, and they were one of the earliest breeds exhibited in dog shows. They were called Maltese Terriers at the time.
  • The first Maltese came to America in the late 1800s. They were initially exhibited in America as Maltese Lion Dogs. AKC recognized them as Maltese in 1888.
  • The Maltese remained fairly unknown until its numbers started rising slowly in the 1950s. It reached the list of 15 most popular breeds in the 1990s. It remains in the top 20.

Maltese Behavior Concerns

  • Makes both an affectionate lap dog and exuberant playmate.
  • Playful and good with children, but children must be supervised because they could easily hurt such a small dog.
  • Reserved toward strangers.
  • Good with other dogs and pets, although it may foolishly challenge larger dogs.
  • Tends to be bold and curious.
  • Some bark a lot.
  • Learns quickly, but tends to have a stubborn streak.
  • Does best with reward-based training involving food or games.

Maltese Suggested Exercises

  • Makes a lively and alert housedog.
  • Although many of its physical exercise needs can be met with indoor or backyard games, it still needs the mental stimulation of going for walks.
  • A walk around the block once or twice daily will meet its outdoor needs, not counting bathroom breaks.
  • Many Maltese can be trained to use indoor potty systems.
  • Dog parks are not generally a good idea unless only small dogs are allowed together.
  • Games and tricks provide needed mental exercise.
  • Despite their long coat, most Maltese do not tolerate cold weather well because of their lack of undercoat and small size.

Maltese Grooming

  • Coat is long, flat and silky.
  • Combing every day or two is needed to prevent matts.
  • Many owners elect to have their dogs professionally groomed, often clipping them in easily maintained styles.
  • Hair must be kept out of eyes to avoid irritation.
  • The hair around the anus must be checked daily for hygiene issues.
  • Shedding is below average.
  • The breed is prone to periodontal problems, which can be prevented in large part by regular tooth brushing.

Suggested Maltese Nutritional Needs

  • Maltese tend to stay in good weight.
  • Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.
  • Remember, it does not take much food to feed a small dog, and small snacks can easily add too many calories.
  • Maltese puppies should be fed often to prevent hypoglycemia, a serious condition to which very small puppies are prone. Frequent small meals of high protein, fat, and complex carbohydrates may help guard against this condition.

Did you know?

  • Grapes and raisins are harmful to dogs.
  • Some dog parasites are transferable to humans.
  • Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your dog.

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General Practice

We have over 540 animal hospitals in 41 states that are staffed by more than 2,000 fully qualified, dedicated and compassionate veterinarians, with more than 200 being board-certified specialists. The nationwide VCA family of general practice hospitals give your pet the very best in medical care, providing a full range of general medical and surgical services as well as specialized treatments*: Wellness, Spay/neuter, Advanced diagnostic services (MRI/CT Scan), Internal medicine, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Dermatology, Cardiology, Neurology, Boarding, Grooming

*services may vary by location.

Our family of pet hospitals stands out by delivering the greatest resources in order provide the highest quality care available for your pets. By maintaining the highest standards of pet health care available anywhere, we emphasize prevention as well as healing. We provide continuing education programs to our doctors and staff and promote the open exchange of professional knowledge and expertise. And finally, we have established a consistent program of procedures and techniques, proven to be the most effective in keeping pets healthy.

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Specialty Care

Sometimes sick or injured pets need the care of a veterinary medical specialist. When that happens, VCA specialty hospitals work closely with the general practitioner veterinarians who refer cases to us in order to provide seamless veterinary care to your pet. When your pet is facing any kind of serious illness or injury, our specialty referral hospitals will provide the compassionate and expert care your beloved pet needs.

Our goal is to make sure that when you and your pet are in need that you have access to board certified specialists who are up to date on the very latest developments in their field. In our state of the art hospitals, our specialists also have access to the most sophisticated diagnostic and treatment tools and techniques from ultrasonography and endoscopy to CAT scans and even MRI.

We have twenty-eight specialty hospitals across the US so there may be one near you. Our specialized services include: cardiology, critical care, dentistry, dermatology, internal medicine, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, radiology and surgery.

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Emergency Care

In case of emergency, please call us immediately. If it is after hours, check with a local animal hospital emergency clinic.