VCA Lindley Animal Hospital

Pomeranian

Pomeranian

Basic Pomeranian Information

  • Lifespan: 12 - 16 years
  • Height: 8 - 11 inches
  • Weight: 3 - 7 pounds


Medical Conditions Seen in Pomeranians


Pomeranian Traits

  • Joggin Partner
         
  • Lap Dog
         
  • Good with Children
         
  • Warm Weather
         
  • Cold Weather
         
  • Grooming Requirements
         
  • Shedding
         
  • Barking
         
  • Ease of Training
         


Pomeranian History

  • Pomeranians descend from the ancient Spitz family of dogs. Like their Spitz ancestors, they have many features to combat cold weather, including a thick coat, small ears, and a bushy tail to warm the nose when curled up sleeping.
  • Not much is known about how the Pomeranian evolved from the Spitz, except that the early Pomeranians were much larger than today's, weighing around 30 pounds.
  • The Pomeranian comes from Pomerania, in what is now part of northern Poland and Germany.
  • They were eventually prized as pets through out Europe. Some Pomeranian owners included Michelangelo, Mozart, and Isaac Newton.
  • Pomeranians were the first dogs to live in the then-new Buckingham Palace, moving in with Queen Charlotte in 1761.
  • In 1888, Queen Victoria, a Pom fancier, changed the size of the breed by importing what was then a tiny Pomeranian that weighed only 12 pounds. The dog, Marco, set the trend for smaller Poms.
  • The Pom was not as popular in America as it was in Europe, but it was AKC recognized by 1900. By the 1930s, it was one of the ten most popular breeds in America. Since that time it has come in and out of the top 10.


Pomeranian Behavior Concerns

  • Makes a fun-loving and energetic companion.
  • Playful and good with children, but children must be supervised because they could easily hurt such a small dog.
  • True to its Spitz heritage, it is spunky, bold and adventurous.
  • A one family dog, tending to be aloof toward strangers. Early socialization so that it willingly accepts new people is important.
  • Some can be cocky and even aggressive toward other dogs.
  • Learns quickly, but can be stubborn.
  • Does best with reward-based training involving food or games.
  • Some tend to bark a lot, which should be discouraged from an early age.
  • Housetraining can be more challenging than with many other breeds.


Pomeranian Suggested Exercises

  • Makes a lively and alert housedog.
  • Although many of its physical exercise needs can be met with indoor games, it still needs the mental stimulation of walking and sniffing outdoors.
  • A walk around the block once or twice daily will meet its outdoor needs, not counting bathroom breaks.
  • Many Poms have been trained to use indoor potty systems.
  • Dog parks are not generally a good idea unless only small dogs are allowed together.
  • Games and tricks provide needed mental exercise.
  • Excursions in doggy purses can also provide entertainment.
  • Its thick coat provides some protection against cold weather, but its small body size nonetheless makes it vulnerable to the cold.


Pomeranian Grooming

  • Coat is made up of a soft thick undercoat covered by a longer harsh outer coat.
  • Brushing and combing twice weekly-more when shedding heavily-is necessary to prevent matting.
  • The hair around the anus must be checked daily for hygiene issues.
  • Shedding is above average.
  • Regular tooth brushing may prevent periodontal disease, which is common in Poms.


Suggested Pomeranian Nutritional Needs

  • Pomeranians tend to stay in good weight. The thick coat can sometimes obscure weight problems, so be sure to use your hands to feel.
  • Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.
  • Because of their small size, it takes only a little overfeeding or a few snacks to create an overweight dog.
  • Pom puppies should be fed often to prevent hypoglycemia, a serious condition to which very small puppies are prone. Meals of high protein, fat, and complex carbohydrates may also help guard against this condition.


Did you know?

  • Grapes and raisins are harmful to dogs.
  • Some dog parasites are transferable to humans.
  • Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your dog.


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Have unanswered pet health questions? Dr.Donna Spector, with 10+ years of hands-on Internal Medicine experience, is here with your answers every Friday.

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Specialty Care

Sometimes sick or injured pets need the care of a veterinary medical specialist. When that happens, VCA specialty hospitals work closely with the general practitioner veterinarians who refer cases to us in order to provide seamless veterinary care to your pet. When your pet is facing any kind of serious illness or injury, our specialty referral hospitals will provide the compassionate and expert care your beloved pet needs.

Our goal is to make sure that when you and your pet are in need that you have access to board certified specialists who are up to date on the very latest developments in their field. In our state of the art hospitals, our specialists also have access to the most sophisticated diagnostic and treatment tools and techniques from ultrasonography and endoscopy to CAT scans and even MRI.

As part of the VCA family, we have over 83 specialty hospitals across the US and Canada which provide referral specialty care, so there may be one near you. Our specialized services include: behavior, cardiology, critical care, dentistry, dermatology, integrative medicine, internal medicine, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, radiology, rehabilitation, reproduction, and surgery.

Find a VCA Specialty Care Animal Hospital near you:

 

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Emergency Care

In case of emergency, please call us immediately. If it is after hours, call:

* Emergency Animal Clinic - (972) 994-9110

12101 Greenville Avenue, #118 Dallas, TX

*this hospital is not affiliated with VCA Animal Hospital companies

VCA Metroplex Animal Hospital - (972) 438-7113

700 West Airport Freeway   Irving, TX 

VCA Beltline East Animal Hospital - (972)226-0265

2555 North Beltline Rd Sunnyvale, TX

 

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