VCA Commonwealth Animal Hospital

Cavalier King Charles

Cavalier King Charles

Basic Cavalier King Charles Information

  • Lifespan: 9 - 14 years
  • Height: 12 - 13 inches
  • Weight: 13 - 18 pounds


Medical Conditions Seen in Cavalier King Charless


Cavalier King Charles Traits

  • Joggin Partner
         
  • Lap Dog
         
  • Good with Children
         
  • Warm Weather
         
  • Cold Weather
         
  • Grooming Requirements
         
  • Shedding
         
  • Barking
         
  • Ease of Training
         


Cavalier King Charles History

  • The Cavalier's ancestors were spaniels that were developed at least by the 1300s to flush birds into nets or to waiting falcons.
  • Some smaller spaniels were probably bred with Oriental toy dogs such as the Japanese chin to create a lapdog version of the spaniel.
  • These dogs were known as comforter spaniels and were used to serve as lap and foot warmers, surrogate hot water bottles, and for companionship.
  • In the 1700s, King Charles II became an ardent fan of the little dogs, to the point that he was accused of ignoring matters of state in favor of his dogs. The dogs were dubbed King Charles spaniels in recognition of his association.
  • After King Charles' death, the Duke of Marlboro became an advocate of the breed. The red and white color, which he favored, is called Blenheim after his estate.
  • The King Charles spaniel remained a favorite with the upper class, but the look of the breed gradually changed until by the early 1900s, they had pushed in faces.
  • In 1926, a wealthy American traveled to England in search of the old type dogs with a longer nose. Unable to find any, he offered a large cash prize to the best old type pointy-nosed dogs at the next year's shows. The challenge set breeders to reviving the old type, which then became known as the Cavalier King Charles spaniel.
  • After World War II, only a handful of Cavaliers remained. Six dogs became the foundation of the modern breed.
  • The Kennel Club in England recognized the Cavalier in 1945. But only when a Cavalier won Best in Show at the prestigious Crufts dog show did the breed capture the public's attention.
  • Cavaliers came to America in the 1940s. Fanciers disagreed, however, over whether they wanted AKC recognition.
  • The AKC recognized the Cavalier in 1996 amidst great controversy. To this day, there are two separate national Cavalier clubs, one AKC affiliated and one not.
  • In the past decade, Cavaliers have had a 735 per cent increase in AKC registrations, more than any other breed.


Cavalier King Charles Behavior Concerns

  • Makes a loving and entertaining companion.
  • Extremely good with children.
  • Very affectionate.
  • Makes a good lapdog as well as fun playmate.
  • A happy dog, not easily bothered by things.
  • Eager to please and quick to learn.
  • Does best with reward-based training involving food.
  • Outgoing toward strangers.
  • Gets along well with other pets and dogs.
  • Enjoys retrieving.
  • Usually enjoys swimming.


Cavalier King Charles Suggested Exercises

  • Makes a calm housedog.
  • Requires daily exercise in the form of a long walk or energetic games.
  • A good candidate for dog parks, but should be kept separate from larger dogs.
  • Obedience training provides mental exercise.


Cavalier King Charles Grooming

  • Coat is moderately long, silky, and either flat or slightly wavy.
  • The coat needs brushing and combing two to three times a week to prevent matts.
  • The ears must be checked regularly for problems.
  • Shedding is average.


Suggested Cavalier King Charles Nutritional Needs

  • Cavaliers have a tendency to become overweight.
  • Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.
  • Puppies should be fed a balanced a puppy food.


Did you know?

  • Grapes and raisins are harmful to dogs.
  • Some dog parasites are transferable to humans.
  • Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your dog.


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Specialty Care

Sometimes sick or injured pets need the care of a veterinary medical specialist. When that happens, VCA specialty hospitals work closely with the general practitioner veterinarians who refer cases to us in order to provide seamless veterinary care to your pet. When your pet is facing any kind of serious illness or injury, our specialty referral hospitals will provide the compassionate and expert care your beloved pet needs.

Our goal is to make sure that when you and your pet are in need that you have access to board certified specialists who are up to date on the very latest developments in their field. In our state of the art hospitals, our specialists also have access to the most sophisticated diagnostic and treatment tools and techniques from ultrasonography and endoscopy to CAT scans and even MRI.

As part of the VCA family, we have over 83 specialty hospitals across the US and Canada which provide referral specialty care, so there may be one near you. Our specialized services include: behavior, cardiology, critical care, dentistry, dermatology, integrative medicine, internal medicine, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, radiology, rehabilitation, reproduction, and surgery.

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Emergency Care

In case of emergency, please call us immediately. If it is after hours, please call VCA South PAWS 703-752-9100 or The Hope Center at 703-281-5121

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