VCA Central Park Animal Hospital



Basic Newfoundland Information

  • Lifespan: 8 - 10 years
  • Height: 26 - 28 inches
  • Weight: 100 - 150 pounds

Medical Conditions Seen in Newfoundlands

Newfoundland Traits

  • Joggin Partner
  • Lap Dog
  • Good with Children
  • Warm Weather
  • Cold Weather
  • Grooming Requirements
  • Shedding
  • Barking
  • Ease of Training

Newfoundland History

  • The Newfoundland was developed on the coast of Newfoundland in the1700s. The breed's origins are unknown, but they seem to trace back to the 1662 settlement of the Roougnoust colony. The settlers are said to have included Great Pyrenees dogs. These dogs were bred with black English retrievers and possibly some husky-type dogs.
  • The result was a large water-loving dog that was resilient to freezing weather and water. The dogs were all-purpose water dogs, hauling nets through the water, and even saving people who fell in. On land, they served as draft dogs and pack animals.
  • By the late 1700s, they were called Newfoundlands. They came in solid black and in black and white; the latter were dubbed Landseers in 1779, named after the prominent artist who painted them.
  • European visitors took specimens back to England, where they entered the show ring. At the same time, numbers dropped in Newfoundland. Eventually, Canadian and American breeders had to replenish their stock with Newfoundlands brought back from England.
  • The AKC recognized the Newfoundland in 1886.
  • World War II decimated the breed in England. This time, the American dogs had to replenish the European stock.
  • The Newfoundland quickly regained numbers. It remains one of the more popular giant breeds.

Newfoundland Behavior Concerns

  • Makes a devoted and sweet companion.
  • Patient and good with children. As with all large dogs, dogs and children should always be supervised.
  • Very affectionate.
  • Very friendly toward strangers.
  • Friendly toward strange dogs.
  • Good with other pets.
  • Learns quickly and is willing to please.
  • Sensitive.
  • Does best with reward-based training with food rewards.

Newfoundland Suggested Exercises

  • Makes a calm and well-mannered housedog.
  • Requires daily exercise in the form of a moderate walk or short jog.
  • The Newfoundland enjoys cold weather, but doesn't do well in warm weather.
  • Swimming is a favorite exercise.
  • Obedience training is essential not only for control, but for the mental exercise it provides.

Newfoundland Grooming

  • Coat consists of a soft dense undercoat and a coarse, moderately long, straight outer coat.
  • The coat needs only occasional brushing, once or twice every week, more often when shedding.
  • Shedding is above average.
  • Be prepared for drool.

Suggested Newfoundland Nutritional Needs

  • Newfoundlands tend to stay in good weight or be slightly overweight.
  • Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.
  • Puppies should be fed a large-breed growth food, which slows their growing rate but not final size. This may decrease the incidence or severity of hip dysplasia in adults.

Did you know?

  • Grapes and raisins are harmful to dogs.
  • Some dog parasites are transferable to humans.
  • Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your dog.

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Ask the Vet

Have unanswered pet health questions? Dr.Donna Spector, with 10+ years of hands-on Internal Medicine experience, is here with your answers every Friday.


Specialty Care

Sometimes sick or injured pets need the care of a veterinary medical specialist. When that happens, VCA specialty hospitals work closely with the general practitioner veterinarians who refer cases to us in order to provide seamless veterinary care to your pet. When your pet is facing any kind of serious illness or injury, our specialty referral hospitals will provide the compassionate and expert care your beloved pet needs.

Our goal is to make sure that when you and your pet are in need that you have access to board certified specialists who are up to date on the very latest developments in their field. In our state of the art hospitals, our specialists also have access to the most sophisticated diagnostic and treatment tools and techniques from ultrasonography and endoscopy to CAT scans and even MRI.

As part of the VCA family, we have over 83 specialty hospitals across the US and Canada which provide referral specialty care, so there may be one near you. Our specialized services include: behavior, cardiology, critical care, dentistry, dermatology, integrative medicine, internal medicine, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, radiology, rehabilitation, reproduction, and surgery.

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Emergency Care

In case of emergency during normal business hours, please call us immediately. If you have an emergency outside of our normal business hours, please contact a local emergency animal hospital.