VCA Anderson Animal Hospital



Basic Pug Information

  • Lifespan: 12 - 15 years
  • Height: 10 - 11 inches
  • Weight: 14 - 18 pounds

Medical Conditions Seen in Pugs

Pug Traits

  • Joggin Partner
  • Lap Dog
  • Good with Children
  • Warm Weather
  • Cold Weather
  • Grooming Requirements
  • Shedding
  • Barking
  • Ease of Training

Pug History

  • Pugs originated in China in ancient times. They were developed as lap dogs rather than as any sort of working dog.
  • The facial wrinkles were an essential breed feature. The vertical forehead wrinkles were thought to resemble the Chinese mark for "Prince."
  • Dutch traders brought pugs back from China with them, and Holland subsequently became the pug's adopted homeland.
  • The pug became the official dog of the House of Orange because they sounded the alarm at the approach of invading soldiers in 1572.
  • Napoleon's wife, Josephine, used her pug to carry messages back and forth when she was imprisoned.
  • The pug became the most popular royal dog in England during Victorian times.
  • The pug was known as Mopshond in Holland, as Mops in Germany, and as Dutch or Chinese pug in England.
  • The AKC recognized the pug in 1885.
  • The pug took a while to catch on in America, but it has a steady following and has been among the top 20 breeds for years.

Pug Behavior Concerns

  • Makes a devoted and entertaining family member.
  • Playful, affectionate and gentle with children, pugs make excellent companions for them.
  • Known for its clownish behavior and sense of humor.
  • Affectionate and demonstrative.
  • Reserved toward strangers.
  • Usually good with other dogs and pets.
  • Willing to please but doesn't like to be forced, which brings out its stubborn streak.
  • Does best with reward-based training with good control and leadership.

Pug Suggested Exercises

  • Makes a calm and alert housedog.
  • Requires daily exercise in the form of a leisurely walk, very short jog, or quick game. It is not physically suited to overly vigorous exercise.
  • Overheats easily.
  • Swimming is not recommended, as many pugs cannot stay afloat.
  • Obedience and trick training provides essential mental exercise.

Pug Grooming

  • The pug's coat is fine, smooth and short. The skin is overly abundant, and wrinkled on the face.
  • The coat needs weekly brushing to remove dead hair.
  • Wrinkles need regular cleaning and drying to prevent skin infections.
  • Shedding is above average.

Suggested Pug Nutritional Needs

  • Pugs have a tendency to become obese.
  • Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.

Did you know?

  • Grapes and raisins are harmful to dogs.
  • Some dog parasites are transferable to humans.
  • Many common pet ailments may be detected early and prevented by visiting your veterinarian twice yearly - saving both time, money, and most importantly, ensuring the best quality of life for your dog.

Come visit us, we would love to see you!

We are here to help! Book an appointment today to continue your pet on a path to great health and wellness

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Ask the Vet

Have unanswered pet health questions? Dr.Donna Spector, with 10+ years of hands-on Internal Medicine experience, is here with your answers every Friday.


Specialty Care

Sometimes sick or injured pets need the care of a veterinary medical specialist. When that happens, VCA specialty hospitals work closely with the general practitioner veterinarians who refer cases to us in order to provide seamless veterinary care to your pet. When your pet is facing any kind of serious illness or injury, our specialty referral hospitals will provide the compassionate and expert care your beloved pet needs.

Our goal is to make sure that when you and your pet are in need that you have access to board certified specialists who are up to date on the very latest developments in their field. In our state of the art hospitals, our specialists also have access to the most sophisticated diagnostic and treatment tools and techniques from ultrasonography and endoscopy to CAT scans and even MRI.

As part of the VCA family, we have over 83 specialty hospitals across the US and Canada which provide referral specialty care, so there may be one near you. Our specialized services include: behavior, cardiology, critical care, dentistry, dermatology, integrative medicine, internal medicine, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, radiology, rehabilitation, reproduction, and surgery.

Find a VCA Specialty Care Animal Hospital near you:


See all VCA Animal Hospitals >


Emergency Care

In case of emergency, please call us immediately at 303-922-1127. If it is after hours or a holiday please call the closest emergency facility to you.

VCA Alameda East Veterinary Hospital at 303-366-2639, their address is

9770 E. Alameda Ave Denver, CO 80247

ACCESS (Animal Critical Care and Emergency Services) at 303-239-1200, their address

is 1597 Wadsworth Blvd Lakewood, CO 80215

Central Veterinary Emergency Service at 303-874-7387, their address is

3550 S. Jason St Englewood, CO 80110